The fruit is a globose pink to red compound berry 2–3 cm in diameter, though these berries tend to grow larger towards the end of the season and some berry clusters that do not fall from the tree exceed 4 cm. Please always check with your local government regarding the tree preservation bylaws for your area, as pruning or removal may require a permit. The late spring blooms are probably the trees largest selling point-and its most understood. The soft pulp is sweet with a similar flavour to a ripe persimmon but the presence of hard seeds that are well attached to the pulp can be inconvenient when eaten directly. Requires shade. Tolerating cold hardiness in zones 7 – 9, it is typically found in the southwest corner of BC from Vancouver Island and along the west coast down south as far as California, USA. The regional term ‘flowering dogwood’ is a misnomer, though, since all members of the genus Cornus have flowers. Dogwood trees are mostly deciduous but there are a few evergreens, Cornus capitata (Evergreen Dogwood). The white "petals" are not actually petals at all. ‘Mandarin Jewel’ has dark green leaves through summer and large, showy white flowers. The seeds are usually not eaten, but could be ground into jam and sauces. It is a plant native to East Asia including Korea, China and Japan. Festooned with clusters of creamy white flowers, this tree is a popular choice in many Pacific Northwest coast gardens. Leaves are dark green, contrasting markedly with the cream white flowers. Dogwoods are native to North America, as well as the Far East. For this reason, where you plant it and how you care for it is crucial (more details at the end of the page). There are over 50 species within the Cornus, or Dogwood, genus. [6] It is a plant native to East Asia including Korea, China and Japan. Zones 4-9. Summer Gardening To Do List Creamy-yellow flowers appear late winter or early spring. Their tiny, star-shaped blossoms come later than other dogwoods. If you continue to use this website we will assume that you are happy with it. Kousa Dogwood Tree - Cornus Kousa is a Lovely Flowering Ornamental Tree Kousa Dogwood Trees are a lovely addition to landscapes and gardens. The actual dogwood flower, or flowers as the case may be, is the small central part. C. florida (Eastern Flowering Dogwood): Height up to 9 metres (30 ft) with an equal spread. [1][7] Widely cultivated as an ornamental, it is naturalized in New York State.[8]. Flowering season is late spring, weeks after the tree puts on foliage again. The orange shade stands out against the foliage and is visible from a distance. Zones 8 and 9. The Cornus kousa (Korean Dogwood or just Kousa) tree is more resistant to diseases that plague other dogwoods. Center of each leaf has a broad gold band, with stems that are somewhat reddish. The tree is extremely showy when in bloom, but what appear to be four, white petals are actually four spreading bracts below the cluster of inconspicuous yellow-green flowers. Below find information how to plant dogwoods, tips on dogwood tree care including pruning guidelines and disease problems that affect some dogwoods. Pest problems may include the usual culprits such as aphids, leafhoppers, weevils and scale insects. The attractive foliage turns a beautiful fall red in the autumn. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Edible Garden Type: Mostly Deciduous Trees / Few Evergreen, Seasonal Interest: Late Spring & Early Summer Blooms / Autumn Foliage And Berries, When To Prune: Mid to Late Winter (see more information below), Cold Hardiness Zones: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. Kousa ‘Mandarin Jewel’ Cornus kousa var. Korean Dogwood Tree.#DogWood #lawncare C. alternifolia (Pagoda Dogwood): Height up to 7.5 metres (25 ft). Hardy in Zones 5-8, this ornamental grows up to 25 feet at a rate of one to two feet per year. Gorgeous star-shaped blooms and layered branches catch the eye. Sports gray-green leaves that are edged in white, with occasional splashes of variegation throughout the foliage. This is a very popular cultivar. It is very similar in structure to the clematis ‘flower’ with its showy petal-like leaves called sepals. Dogwoods, unless otherwise stated, prefer a cool sunny site and can tolerate light shade. Cornus kousa, commonly called Kousa dogwood, is a small, deciduous flowering tree or multi-stemmed shrub that typically grows 15-30’ tall, with a vase-shaped habit in the early years but eventually maturing to a more rounded form. Best in deep, fertile and reliably moist soil, in full sun or light shde. It is sometimes referred to as the Chinese dogwood. Gardening Tips The Cornus kousa (Korean Dogwood or just Kousa) tree is more resistant to diseases that plague other dogwoods. Purple flowers with white bracts bloom in spring. The contrast between the red fruit and gold-splashed foliage can be striking. This is made up of a cluster of tiny flowers. Prune Kousa Dogwood Trees. Also noted for a more open and vigorous growth than other 'kousa' varieties. The showy white or pink sections that we admire of the dogwood ‘flower’ are really modified leaves that appear petal-like and give the appearance of a flower. Small white flowers in early summer. The kousa dogwood is an Asian variety of our own native dogwood, but has its own unique beauty and is resistant to many of the diseases that affect the North American Dogwood. Several selected for their disease resistance and good flower appearance have been named, patented, and released. Kousa dogwood develops colorful, peeling bark in shades of tans and browns which lend great character to the tree. Like many websites we use cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our site. Flowering dogwood is an Ohio native with a rounded crown and strong horizontal branching covered in 3-4" wide flowers April to May. Cornus kousa Chinensis which has white flowers and excellent red autumn colour. The photo below is of a C.kousa var. It performs best planted in moist but well-drained, slightly acidic to neutral soil that is rich in organic matter. Jun 4, 2017 - Explore Anita Gaudet's board "Kousa dogwood", followed by 198 people on Pinterest. The pattern may be unstable, plus the plants can produce green growth reversions. Winter Garden Tips & Interest, Garden Tips Kousa slowly grows into a lovely, small deciduous tree. Common names include kousa, kousa dogwood,[1] Chinese dogwood,[2][3] Korean dogwood,[3][4][5] and Japanese dogwood. Urban Hardy Trees ; Why Trees ; Tree Canopy ; Tree Care ; Introduction. And while it would not directly kill the tree, it does open it up to stress and other vulnerabilities. [9], It is resistant to the dogwood anthracnose disease, caused by the fungus Discula destructiva, unlike C. florida, which is very susceptible and commonly killed by it; for this reason, C. kousa is being widely planted as an ornamental tree in areas affected by the disease.[7]. A shaded planting site is desirable. The deepest red-pink bracts of any cultivar. It's a small tree that delivers delicate beauty and yet, can hold its own against cold weather, drought, and a variety of pests. Dogwood trees are widely known for their beauty, and the Kousa variety adds a toughness that makes this species an excellent choice for home landscapes and urban areas. It is sometimes called the Japanese, Korean, or Chinese Dogwood. chinensis is a large, free-flowering deciduous shrub or small tree, with ovate leaves turning red and orange in autumn. chinensis (Osborn) Q. Y. Xiang", "Cornus×elwinortonii and Cornus×rutgersensis (Cornaceae), new names for two artificially produced hybrids of big-bracted dogwoods", "Haplotyping of Cornus florida and C. kousa chloroplasts: Insights into species-level differences and patterns of plastic DNA variation in cultivars", "Wild Harvests: Kousa Dogwood, another urban wonder",, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from July 2017, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. C. mas (European Cornel, Cornelian Cherry Dogwood): Height up 7.5 metres (25 ft). Small and late-flowering kousa dogwoods (Cornus kousa) are slow growers, but the results they produce are worth your efforts to grow them. The hole should not be deep, but it should be extra wide to allow the roots to easily grow outwards. Think of the kousa dogwood in … The dogwood berries are attractive too during late summer and autumn, and are very popular with birds, especially our local flickers, as well as squirrels. Like most dogwoods, these trees enjoy a spot with rich, moist soil in full sun to partial shade. Small and late-flowering kousa dogwoods (Cornus kousa) are slow growers, but the results they produce are worth your efforts to grow them. Kousa dogwood is an excellent small specimen tree. H: 2-6m RELATED TOPIC: To learn more about dogwood anthracnose and how to prevent this fungal disease see “What Is Anthracnose”. Dogwoods should be planted in autumn or early spring, and never in summer when it is hot and dry. It can reach up to 12 metres (40 feet) and spreads to 7.5 metres (25 feet). Cornus kousa is a small deciduous tree 8–12 m (26–39 ft) tall, in the flowering plant family Cornaceae. Notable for weeping habit, grow to 15' with branches that arch downwards. The plant is attractive when well grown. Various clones exist with differing degrees of yellow or white variegation. It thrives in zones 5-9. “Kousa” is apparently the Japanese word for dogwood. Cornus kousa - Kousa Dogwood is a small flowering deciduous tree that reliably flowers every June. Sometimes referred to as the Chinese dogwood, this Asian cousin to our native flowering dogwood can be used as a specimen plant or in shrub borders. C. ‘Eddie’s White Wonder’: Height up to 6 metres (20 ft). Flower-heads with four ovate cream bracts 4-6cm in length. When I think about cornus kousa, I think of beautiful oblong dogwood blooms in the garden in early summer when our native dogwood species have already lost their blooms. Depending on the age of the Kousa dogwood, the trees take on a different appearance. This is a very popular cultivar. Warm summers seem to dull the color and many plants bloom light pink or white-pink. When first flowering, they are pale green, but eventually they turn a luminous white that appears to glow in the dark. A small tree to around 15 – 8 m in height although usually smaller in cultivation. Synonyms are Benthamia kousa and Cynoxylon kousa. In the Pacific Northwest, we have the native Cornus nuttallii (aka Pacific, Mountain or Western Flowering Dogwood) which was named after the British botanist Thomas Nuttall (1786-1859). It is edible, with a sweet and creamy flavour, and is a delicious addition to the tree's ornamental value. The C. nuttallii is not as hardy as the C. kousa. The fruit is sometimes used for making wine. It can be distinguished from the flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) of eastern North America by its more upright habit, flowering about a month later, and by the pointed rather than rounded flower bracts. Also known as Chinese dogwood, Korean dogwood, or Japanese dogwood, the Kousa dogwood is a small deciduous tree or multi-stemmed shrub. Please always check with your local government regarding the tree preservation bylaws for your area, as pruning or removal may require a permit. Best sited in a shady location to avoid leaf scorch. Shrubby and slow-growing, to 10' tall and wide. Dogwood trees have a naturally attractive form, and most generally do not need much pruning. Care details. Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window). The habit is rounded and gentle, a mature specimen is attractive. Zones 5-9. Inconspicuous white or pink bracted flowers appear in spring. When it comes to planting dogwood Kousa trees, it all begins with the soil. Cornus kousa chinensis . They are a delicate vision at twilight in late spring. It benefits from siting in some shade. In fall ‘Mandarin Jewel’ produces unusual bright orange fruit. It is sometimes referred to as the Chinese dogwood. In some municipalities or cities, dogwood trees may be protected. The Kousa dogwood is a handsome, small- to medium-sized tree reaching a mature height of 30 feet. Kousa seems to do better at temperature extremes, both cold and hot. Small tree. Thomas Nuttall studied many of the native plants in N. America in the early 1800s. Like other Cornus, C. kousa has opposite, simple leaves, 4–10 cm long. Variegated form with leaves that show a uniform white margin. They surround the cluster of tiny flowers in the centre and together make the dogwood ‘flower’ as we see it. Forms a small, densely branched tree that may never exceed 15' tall. There are two recognized subspecies / varieties: Hybrids between C. kousa and C. florida (Cornus × rutgersensis Mattera, T. Molnar, & Struwe) and C. kousa and C. florida (Cornus × elwinortonii Mattera, T. Molnar, & Struwe) have been created by Rutgers University. See below for other recommended deciduous dogwoods and more about the evergreen dogwood tree. Relatively slow-growing, but in time does form a small-medium rounded tree. (Flowering Dogwood) 'Moonbeam' was selected for its extra large flower, up to 15cm in diameter.